Gorgeous Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro - a city named the River of January, grew up in a place where there is no river in sight. Name it was coined in the early XVI century, but to this day Rio de Janeiro is the name and is characterized not only as a carnival city, pleasure and general welfare.
The city is known world-dazzling azure ocean, the golden beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, white waves, the giant Maracana stadium bowl, the Sugar's head and the statue of Christ the Savior on Mount Corcovado.
The boundary between past and future of this legendary city like Rio de Janeiro, did not seem to exist: the aqueduct of the XIX century and the city tram in 1896 can live together here with the 80-meter truncated cone supernova cathedral, built at the end of the last century.
All this connects the old and new symbols of the city into a single unique network through which everyone can feel like Rio has changed over the past three hundred years.
"God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day he created the Rio de Janeiro" - like Brazilians say about theirs fantastic beautiful city. The city is divided over the Old, New and suburbs. In the Old City are the docks customs, the arsenal, the Exchange, the National Academy of Arts, the town hall, museums and almost all theaters. In the New Town - the mint, a prison, the main station, house for the disabled.
Average temperature - 27 ° C. In the winter, from May to September, almost constant sunshine. The temperature can drop to 25 ° C. The lowest level of - 18 ° C, which is perceived local inhabitants as bitter cold. The water is colder than the north but cooler than most of the flow. In spring and autumn, especially in March and October, rain could pour during a week. In summer, from November to March, the climate is less predictable, but sunny, hot days is enough. Temperature - 30-40 ° C. When the sun is shining, the weather is dazzling. In the southern part of the ocean with strong wind shakes the windows of the hotel and brings a freshness to the beach. And over the hills in the northern part of it, very hot.
Sometimes it falls very a lot of precipitation, sometimes more than 500 mm per month. Stefan Zweig wrote in his book "Brazil, the land of the future, 1942": "It's not just rain, it falls upon the sky ... It's not just blue veins of lightning in the sky, it is house shake from the explosions. A quarter of an hour, and all the streets flooded, traffic stopped, and nobody do not go anywhere during the street. Another quarter of an hour, and again in the purest blue of the innocent the sun is shining ... and many, many days the air is clean and transparent, and on the horizon - not a cloud. Here is a summer in Rio de Janeiro. "
Sightseeing in Rio de Janeiro
Teatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro
This is one of the most beautiful buildings, both on the external design and interior decoration in around downtown. The theater was built in 1909, the European counterpart of Paris Opera.
On the outer walls engraved with the names of artists of the world and Brazil.
The theater has 1,700 seats, located on 4 floors. Located near the National Museum of Art.
In the 20s the building was reconstructed and improved in accordance with the plans to upgrade the city of Rio.
Statue of Christ the Savior
Statue of Christ the Savior (port. Cristo Redentor) - the famous statue of Christ the Savior atop Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro. Considered a symbol of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil as a whole. Every year millions of tourists to climb to its pedestal, which offers a stunning panorama of the city and the bay with scenic Sugar Loaf Mountain (port. - Pandi Asukar), the famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, a huge bowl of the stadium "Maracana".
The exact dimensions of the statue of Christ the Saviour are: height - 38 meters, including the pedestal - 8 m, weight - 1145 tons; span - 30 feet. At the top is an electrified railway line (the first in Brazil), with cruising on it a miniature train. It was built long before the statue of Christ - in 1882-1884. And later played a major role in the construction of the monument: on top of it building materials were delivered. To get to the statue can also be a car on the highway passing through the Tijuca National Reserve. Tijuca is the largest woodland in the world, located in the city.
National Museum of Fine Arts
The history of this museum dates back to King Joao VI, who in 1808 escaped from Napoleon’s army in Portugal and arrived in Rio with his excellent collection of Italian baroque. Over the past 200 years the collection has grown to more than 16,000 copies, including paintings, sculptures, drawings, decorative arts and furniture, folk and African art. The museum is particularly known for its collection of XIX and XX centuries, consisting of paintings and sculptures by Brazilian and foreign artists who visited Brazil.
National Library of Brazil
Rio de Janeiro - this is the cultural capital of the country. Only in the National Library, according to preliminary estimates, there are two million rare books and manuscripts.
Many people know the park in Rio de Janeiro like Flamengo park, others people call it Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes Park. Park Flamengo is known for being the place of finish for many of the marathons. It includes the gardens, which were beautifully designed, world-renowned Brazilian landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx. The park is the Museum of Modern Art, a memorial to honor those killed in World War II and the Carmen Miranda Museum. You can also watch the sailing competitions in the Park Flamenco.
Marcano stadium (Maracana) - one of the most famous symbols in the world of football. Thousands of players are dreaming spend at least one match in theirs career. Play at least once on the legendary stadium - means forever add your name in the history of world football.
Construction of the Maracana, the largest football stadium in the world, got its name by name a small river flowing nearby, started in 1948, in preparation for the World Cup1950. He became a national stadium in Brazil. Built on the city treasury funds, and he is now a municipal property. The total area of ??the stadium Maracana and the surrounding area - 195,600 m2. Its official name - "Mario Filho" - it was in honor of the mayor of Rio de Janeiro, due to which the project came to life. The official opening took place in 1950.
Church of La Candelaria
Church of La Candelaria (1775, architect F. J. Rocio, etc.) - a copy of the cathedral in Rome, one of the most prominent representatives of the colonial period architecture in Rio de Janeiro.
Leisure time in Rio de Janeiro
Carnival - festival, famed not only Rio, but all of Brazil. Most tourists dreaming to see the carnival. Carnival lasts not abated around the clock, five days. Day and night, rattling drums and on every street dancing samba. In the first day of the mayor gives authority in the carnival to stout king Momo, and for five days, all at the mercy of the holiday. If you pre-ordered tickets, you can see the parade of samba schools. If you're lucky, you'll see hundreds and thousands of dancers. See how the performances were judged. The criteria for performance are: the accuracy of movements, costumes beauty and the historical element - singing and dancing is permitted only episodes from the history of Brazil, and of course, the songs are written for each new carnival, and for them to give the jury the most points.
Carnival always begins on Saturday and ends on Wednesday. On the night of Monday to Tuesday held the ball at the Municipal Theater, where celebrities gather. To get there will you, if you pay several hundred dollars per ticket. During the carnival, not evensenior government officials are not working and not studying.
Of course, such a tumult of many days not everyone likes, many residents leaving the city of Rio during Carnival time, especially considering that no less colorful events are being held in other places (like the carnival in Salvador), and the carnival in Rio is broadcast live on all TV country. Local residents of course, can afford such a luxury -they have seen so many carnivals! But if you're in Brazil during the festivities - take part in this unique celebration.
MUNICIPAL THEATRE. Pt Rio Branco, Praça Floriano Peixoto. Tel. 2297-4411. Dance and classical music. Opened in 1909, where ballets and plays are put well-known orchestras. Prices are moderate. At noon in an underground room at the side of the theater with amazing restaurant that should be visited.
THEATRE ZHINASHTIKU - GINASTICO. Graca Aranha, 187. Tel. 2220-8394. Musicalcomedy. In the quarter Sinelandiya can find other theaters. And in general in Rio de Janeiro, there are about 50.
From time to time on the beaches of building a platform, on which are the artists of various genres.
LARGO DO BOTICARIO. Cosme Velho, 822. Sometimes an area of ??concerts of classical music.
MARIUS. Nova York, 157. Tel. 2270-7939. Restaurant and bar, where from time to time good guitarists playing bossa nova.
MAMMOTH METROPOLITAN. The lower level of Via Parque Shopping Center. Barra de Tijuca. During the concert the audience packed to overflowing.
IMPERATOR. Rua Dias da Cruz, Meier. Tel. 2592-7733. Located in the north Noahzone. Praça Tiradentes. At 18:30 start concerts in the theater Carlos Gomez.
CULTURAL CENTER BANK do Brasil - CENTRO CULTURAL BANCO DO BRASIL. Rua 1er de Marco, 66. (Center), Tel. 2216-0426.
REPUBLICAN MUSEUM. Rua do Catete, 153, (center). Tel. 2225-4302. Near the metro station of the same name. On Wednesday at 18.30 there are concerts of classical music.
NACIONAL. Sao Conrado. Tel. 2322-1000. The present sanctuary. It hosts an annual jazz festival.
JAZZMANIA. Raina Elisabeth, 769, Ipanema. Tel. 2287-5100 2267-7375. Here are theartists from different countries.
PEOPLE. Bartelemeu Mitre, 370, Leblon.
CAFE DE LA PAIX. Meridien, Copacabana. On Saturdays at noon play bossa nova.
Cafe ALO ALO. Barra de Tijuca, 5750. Tel. 2385-1378. Open Thursdays and Fridays from 22.00.
ALFREDO INTERCONTINENTAL. Prefeito Sergio Mendes São Conrado. 222. Tel.2322 - 2200. piano
WELLS FARGO. Rua General Urquis, 102, Leblon. Tel. 2274-7986. Open on Thursdays and Sundays from 21.00.
Rio de Janeiro was once nicknamed "the reserve earthly pleasures," in which are enjoying life more than 5 million people. Nightlife in Rio de Janeiro, not freeze for a minute. To verify this, just go to any night of luxury waterfront, beaches, to feel that you are in a city that exists in the rhythm of "non-stop." Contributes to this impression the front street illumination - electric garlands twined in Rio each palm. Evenings in the square in front of the National Theatre of sound political disputes, are demonstrations of capoeira dancers and playing live music.
After sunset, the rhythms of samba constantly chase you. Residents of Rio can not stand the ground at the sound of rousing music. Everywhere could be heard laughing - are open almost all the places - discos, bars, strip shows and nightclubs. On the streets of delicious smells of fried meat. Black Brazilians in starched caps cook it on the special grill, directly on the sidewalks. The ability to adequately carry out the time and really live it up with the local people do not know no equal. It seems that Rio was determined to rest not only in the whole Brazil, but in general for the whole world.
Restaurants in Rio working until the last customer. Mirage (Atlantica,1936, Loja A) - a popular place on the beach (right on the beach of Copacabana), is open from 10.00 to 4.00. it serves fish at Bahia and the traditional Brazilian dish feydzhoada (a mixture of meat, sausages, beans, tapioca flour and rice). "Basin" of feydzhoada costs $ 15.
At Lapa area has three of the best cabaret Rio - Novo Mexico, Campablacho and Carossel. Here you can see a Brazilian carnival, which differs from this only in scale -with marches and fiery samba. Watching folk show mulatto you will plunge into the fiery atmosphere of dance and ritual scenes from the life of numerous peoples in Brazil. Beautiful mulatto in luxurious costumes to the sounds of African musical instruments will make you forget everything else.
The most fashionable place is a bar "Barella" on the square of Princess Isabel. Medium size room, tables, behind which sit the tourists and the local geishas, and mirrored recess instead of the scenes in which half-naked dancing girls. If you decide to stay, paying an entrance fee $ 30, which includes two drinks, bewares - there are many transvestites. Refer to the feelings and avoid those girls that look brighter and more expressive than all the rest: more likely it is they.
To get acquainted with the real Brazilian nightlife, it is better to visit one of the local large dance venues in the open air. All of them are called gafierias, representing a very democratic place, where people are absolutely different age and social status. The most famous dance halls is gafieria Asa Branca, located at: Avenida Meme de Sa, 17.
Also in Rio is a beautiful bath (termes). In Rio, many of these places, and for every taste. One of the best are Termas Aeropoto, located on Avenida Beira Mar, 216-C in the area of ??the city's airport. Service there is in all respects during five-star hotel. In Termas Centaurus, which can be found at: rua Canning, 44, near Ipanema beach, you will be in an environment surrounded by the ancient Roman term of 40-50 wonderful "slaves." The most conservative place this kind of free entry and cheap rates are the Termas Pedagio, housed during the 3rd floor of house number 370 to rua Barata Ribeiro.
At night in Rio is very easy to overdo it in entertainment. And the next morning to regret, repent and renounce. But in the evening when somewhere loudly banging drums and the eyes of passers-by become wet and shining in anticipation of the holiday when the girls put on their mini-shorts, laughed threw back head and danced, listening to distant music, when the terms of the backlight and illumination and the city becomes like a cruise ship, just forget the morning intoxication, and all together getting drunk overeat and dance till you drop and do not get enough sleep. The inhabitants and visitors of Rio's have maiden’s memory and children's carelessness.
In Rio de Janeiro, there are several large shopping centers located in the downtown area, adjacent to the Rio Branco Avenue, the streets and in the area of Copacabana, and the many small and medium-sized shops selling a variety of industrial and household products, gifts. Here almost all the first floors of buildings are occupied or shops, or cafes and bars. The city has many large department stores: Mesbla (center) Sears (in Botafogo), Bar-Boz Freitas, Amerikanas Casas, Casas Pernambukanas (inCopacabana).
In memory of Rio de Janeiro you can buy many things made by local crafts ??of stone, wood, leather and other materials - Indian vessels, the Negro amulets and articles of mahogany. Especially prized amulets created by these Indians from the tree pay-brazil, it has magical properties. Are also popular souvenirs related to the sea: clothes, shoes, swimwear, sunglasses. If you are planning to make a major purchase, you should pay attention to the natural gems mined near Rio: diamonds, emeralds, aquamarines, topaz, tourmalines, amethysts, opals. They are higher quality and much cheaper than in other places. Prized rare Brazilian aquamarine.
Restaurants. Churrascaria - establishments where pay entrance, drinks and dessert, but for meat and other foods do not pay, and she served in unlimited quantities. Most restaurants include a service charge by 10%, but a few coins left as a tip, here are a sign of good taste.
Shops. In Rio de Janeiro, there are large shopping centers - "Rio Sul" and "Barra Shopping".
It is recommended to be vaccinated for hepatitis A, B, malaria and yellow fever.
In no event should not drink water from the tap.
Farewell to the Rio
On earth there is only one country of tremendous beauty and diversity in all walks of life - Brazil. And the pearl of it - Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro, a city of fairy tales, where the sun shines eternal white sand on the beach of the ocean. The natural beauty and unique atmosphere joined in Rio de Janeiro, turning the city into one of the most coveted tourist destinations in the world.
Do not delay your holiday until later. Rio de Janeiro is waiting for you!